Issues

I care deeply for our community and our country, which is why I committed my life to service. As a judge, I listened to both sides of the argument to make a decision. Regardless of the resolution, I made sure people knew they were heard and that every ruling I made was rooted in the law. As a Vice-Chair on the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, I fought to protect the most vulnerable among us.

We need someone in Washington who understands the values of determination and public service, no matter the obstacles. We are amid an unprecedented health and economic crisis in our country. We need an advocate in Washington. It is time for a leader that will protect our right to vote and make sure our communities have clean air and water, who understands that healthcare is a right, and will ensure that everyone can enjoy the best of our country — the promises and freedoms that form the framework of America. 

I am running for Congress to bring justice, fairness, and opportunity to North Carolina’s 8th District. North Carolina needs a leader that will listen to and fight for them, and I am ready to serve you in Congress.

-Pat

I am still very much a judge in terms of my personality and my way of thinking. I look at both sides of the issue; I can’t help it. But I’m gonna listen to what you have to say, and I hope you’ll listen to what I have to say. If you will truly listen, if I will truly listen, I believe that we’ll be able to find some common ground somewhere so that we will move away from the status quo.

-Mother Jones

Pat Timmons-Goodson

Fairness in Healthcare

Our country is rooted in freedom and equality for all, but how can we take full advantage of our freedoms if we are not healthy? Too many of us lose work opportunities and quality of life because we cannot afford basic medical care. Freedom in healthcare means that every person should have access to high quality and affordable healthcare, no matter their employment status or income level.

Despite paying over thousands more per person each year on healthcare than every other developed country1, our health outcomes continue to fall short. Every American deserves access to affordable, high-quality healthcare. Pat will fight to expand Medicaid and supports a public option to ensure all Americans can live freely without crushing medical bills.

North Carolina depends on Medicaid, with nearly one out of every five citizens enrolled in the program — and children make up half of the recipients2. We need to pass federal laws that push states like North Carolina to expand Medicaid and end Medicaid work requirements. It is immoral to deny Americans insurance during a pandemic and recession, and Congress must act quickly to help aid our vulnerable populations.

Freedom in healthcare means that Pat will protect a woman’s right to choose and support legislation to improve maternal health outcomes. Everyone deserves access to high-quality healthcare and the freedom to make their own decisions about their bodies.

Pat believes that we must:

  1. Expand Medicaid and implement a public option to ensure that all Americans can live freely without undue and crushing medical bills.
  2. Strengthen and expand the Affordable Care Act, not repeal it.
  3. Ensure that every American who becomes ill due to COVID-19 has immediate and affordable care.
  4. Make prescription drugs affordable by capping out of pocket costs and passing measures to reduce drug prices, which will put people’s health and pocketbooks over drug corporations’ profits.
  5. Support a women’s right to choose

Lowering Prescription Drug Prices

The skyrocketing costs of prescriptions are a burden for too many Americans. In addition to increasing access to healthcare, we need to take on the pharmaceutical industry to ensure medicines are affordable. It is unacceptable that Americans pay more for prescription drugs than any other developed country, while pharmaceutical companies celebrate record profits and remain the most profitable companies in the healthcare industry3. No American should debate whether they can afford their medication or pay their rent. We must hold pharmaceutical companies accountable by allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices, disincentivizing price hikes that exceed the rate of inflation, and capping out-of-pocket pharmaceutical costs.

Fairness in Healthcare

Our country is rooted in fairness and freedom for all, but how can we take full advantage of our freedoms if we are not healthy? Pat knows that too many of us lose work opportunities and quality of life because we cannot afford basic medical care. Fairness in healthcare means that every person should have access to high quality and affordable healthcare, no matter their employment status or income level.

Despite paying over thousands more per person each year on healthcare than every other developed country,1 our health outcomes continue to fall short. Every American deserves access to affordable, high-quality healthcare. Pat will fight to expand Medicaid and supports a public option to ensure all Americans can live freely without crushing medical bills.

North Carolina depends on Medicaid, with nearly one out of every five citizens enrolled in the program — and children make up half of the recipients.2 We need to pass federal laws that push states like North Carolina to expand Medicaid and end Medicaid work requirements. It is immoral to deny Americans insurance during a pandemic and recession, and Congress must act quickly to help aid our vulnerable populations.

Freedom in healthcare means that Pat will protect a woman’s right to choose and support legislation to improve maternal health outcomes. Everyone deserves access to high-quality healthcare and the freedom to make their own decisions about their bodies.

Pat believes that we must:

  1. Expand Medicaid and implement a public option to ensure that all Americans can live freely without undue and crushing medical bills.
  2. Strengthen and expand the Affordable Care Act, not repeal it.
  3. Ensure that every American who becomes ill due to COVID-19 has immediate and affordable care.
  4. Make prescription drugs affordable by capping out of pocket costs and passing measures to reduce drug prices, which will put people’s health and pocketbooks over drug corporations’ profits.
  5. Support a women’s right to choose.

Lowering Prescription Drug Prices

The skyrocketing costs of prescriptions are a burden for too many Americans. In addition to increasing access to healthcare, we need to take on the pharmaceutical industry to ensure medicines are affordable. It is unacceptable that Americans pay more for prescription drugs than any other developed country, while pharmaceutical companies celebrate record profits and remain the most profitable companies in the healthcare industry.3 No American should debate whether they can afford their medication or pay their rent. Pat will hold pharmaceutical companies accountable by allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices, disincentivizing price hikes that exceed the rate of inflation, and capping out-of-pocket pharmaceutical costs.

Treating our Veteran and Active Duty Military Community Fairly

It is not fair for our country to ask for the kinds of sacrifices required of our service members, and then fail to uphold our promises to them. Pat grew up on Ft. Bragg, the daughter of a Vietnam veteran, and was taught with the values of service and honor that come with being in a military family. She will work tirelessly to make sure that the needs of our service members and their families are met. Our current leadership failed to deliver on this promise, but Pat will put our military community’s needs at the forefront of her agenda. Pat’s priorities reflect her experience growing up in a military family and her deep desire to protect those who give everything to protect us.

Fairness in Veteran Healthcare

Under the current administration, the Veterans Affairs Department has roughly 50,000 personnel vacancies.4 These shortages make delivering quality, timely services to veterans challenging during regular times, but crippling during the COVID-19 pandemic. As of mid-August 2020, there were nearly 4,000 active COVID-19 cases in the VA and over 2,500 deaths (including 48 employee deaths).5 It is unconscionable that our veterans are dying in part because their healthcare system is understaffed and undersupplied. Pat will work tirelessly to ensure all our veterans receive the high-quality care they deserve.

In Congress, Pat will fight to:

  1. Address the VA personnel shortage to ensure that our veterans have access to timely and quality care.
  2. Support the expansion of mental health clinics for veterans.
  3. Support legislation that adopts the VA’s public health approach to mitigate suicide to include guidance on gun safety.
  4. Support COVID-19 relief funding packages addressing the VA’s specific needs, such as ensuring the VA has sufficient PPE.

Treating Military Families with Dignity

Growing up on Ft. Bragg in a military family, Pat understands that we must pay special attention to the children and spouses of service members. Our military families are due care reflective of the sacrifices their families are making for our country.

Pat will support:

  1. Making sure military families have access to high quality and affordable childcare.
  2. Working to ensure that educators of military children are sufficiently trained to understand these students’ special experiences and prepare materials that meet their unique needs.

Women in the Military

There is no room for discrimination based on gender in our country, and especially not in our military. Pat believes all women who serve must be protected from sexual assault in the military, and be supported when they speak up about sexual harassment and mistreatment. Pat will help improve the military response to sexual assault and protect sexual assault victims in the military. She will fight for women veterans to have access to fair and equitable health care from the VA.

LGBTQ+ in the Military

Those who choose to put their lives on the line for our country must be protected, defended, and respected, regardless of their sexuality or gender identity. Pat believes that all service members must be protected from discrimination based on gender identity or sexuality.

Supporting Veterans After Their Service

Supporting veterans in their work and educational pursuits after they serve our country is our duty. We must provide opportunities that allow veterans to seek employment and education.

Pat will:

  1. Support and expand funding for small business grants for veterans.
  2. Support funding for veteran reintegration programs.
  3. Support Veteran Service Organizations.
  4. Support GI Bill funding and expand GI Bill funding to cover vocational training programs, so that veterans have access to many types of employment.
  5. Protect veterans from predatory educational institutions and harmful loans.
Jobs and Economic Opportunity

Making our Economy Work for Everyone

Our economy works for the wealthy rather than the working and middle class. Too many of us are working multiple jobs to afford our rent or seeing our wages stagnate while the cost of living continues to rise. Now, the coronavirus pandemic exacerbated the wealth gap. To support our working-class people and families, Pat will fight to pass legislation that will lower the cost of living and help our workers so that everyone can live without crushing prices.

To make sure that all families can afford the basic necessities required to live comfortably, Pat will support:

  1. Lowering the cost of healthcare by expanding Medicaid and supporting a public option.
  2. Limiting the price of vital prescription drugs.
  3. Reducing the high cost of childcare and making early education and childcare accessible and affordable.
  4. Making college affordable by expanding the Pell Grant program and creating federal-state partnerships to expand free community college.
  5. Helping North Carolinians affected by the coronavirus pandemic by supporting legislation that would provide another round of economic relief checks, as wells as housing and food support. North Carolinians must be supported during and not burdened by the failings of the federal government to adequately protect our country from the consequences of the pandemic.

Support Workers

Today, a full-time worker earning the federal minimum wage cannot afford a two-bedroom apartment anywhere in America.6 This hardship is unacceptable and no way to treat the workers who are the backbone of our economy. Pat supports raising the minimum wage to $15 dollars per hour. She will fight to ensure that workers have access to paid family and sick leave.

Economic relief must go to small businesses before major corporations. Pat supports our small businesses and will work to spur job opportunities in our communities. Pat will support tax relief for our small businesses and work with and listen to our businesses to learn what works best.

All of North Carolina’s workers deserve good pay, healthcare, and benefits. Pat supports North Carolina’s unions and their fight to protect jobs and workers. Pat will advocate to increase opportunities for hardworking Americans.

To increase job opportunities, Pat will:

  1. Support job apprenticeships and skill training programs so that everyone has access to a stable career.
  2. Support job creation by assisting sustainable infrastructure and conservation projects.
  3. Help put folks to work through a climate service program, as Pat knows the importance of public service.
  4. Support rural economies while adapting to climate change by aiding agricultural conservation programs, clean electrification, and expanding broadband access.
  5. Fight to require that an equitable number of loans provided through the SBA Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) go to minority owned, rural, and women-owned businesses.
  6. Advocate for expanded PPP lending authority funding to go to Minority Depository Institutions (MDIs) and Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFIs), with prioritization on MDIs and CDFIs that are minority owned, rural, or women-owned.

Building Opportunity in Rural Communities

Where you live should not determine how healthy you are or limit your economic and educational opportunities. Rural communities are the backbone of America, and it is time we start addressing the health, educational, and infrastructure inequities in our state. Pat will make sure that every North Carolinian has access to healthcare, regardless of where they live. She will work to expand broadband access throughout Central North Carolina. And, she will strengthen rural education by addressing inequities in Title I funding.

Investing in Healthcare in Rural Communities

Too many folks in rural North Carolina are burdened with additional obstacles to find quality and affordable healthcare. To ensure that all rural communities have healthcare, Pat will support:

  1. The implementation of a public option so that everyone can access affordable and high-quality healthcare.
  2. Strengthening and protecting the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
  3. Medicaid expansion, so no one is denied coverage, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  4. Improving maternal health in rural communities.

Connecting Rural Communities to the Digital World

The same technology that brings many of us together during the COVID-19 pandemic eludes our rural communities, setting workers and students behind their peers with reliable internet access. Pat will work to provide federal financial support to help rural communities afford to adopt broadband internet access. High speed, reliable internet access will help businesses operate more efficiently, improve healthcare outcomes, and support education in our rural communities.

Investing in Education in Rural Communities

When schools excel in rural communities, then the economy, opportunity, and community thrive. Pat recognizes that education policies are not “one size fits all;” our education plans in rural communities will not look the same in cities and suburban areas. To strengthen education in rural areas, Pat will:

  1. Support increasing teacher salaries at Title I schools. Many rural schools struggle to recruit and attain new teachers, in part because of the wage gap. Rural schools offer teachers less per year on average compared to non-rural teachers,7 making it difficult to hire teachers competitively.
  2. Support efforts to bridge the homework gap and support the E-Rate program, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The E-Rate program works to provide telecommunication services to schools and libraries at reduced rates to ensure students do not fall behind due to a lack of internet access at home.8
Environmental Justice

As the Vice-Chairwoman of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Pat analyzed the effects of pollution on our communities, notably the harm of coal ash pollutants in North Carolina. She offered recommendations to the federal government to improve the environment. She will continue her fight to ensure the contamination caused by coal ash and other pollutants are no longer putting our community’s health at risk. Every North Carolinian, regardless of zip code, deserves clean water to drink and clean air to breathe.

Families in our community lack access to clean water, because polluters waited too long to clean up their unlined coal ash pits. It is unacceptable to put corporations over people, especially when this hurts our health. Disproportionately, minority and low-income communities live in harm’s way, with Black Americans 75% more likely to live in neighborhoods next to industrial facilities.9 These environmental challenges have immediate consequences, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Places with polluted air see more COVID-19 deaths than areas with clean air.

We know the importance of solving these problems, and we know that clean energy jobs are vital to our economy. North Carolina is the Southeast’s leader in clean energy jobs, with 86,000 employed by the clean energy sector.10 11.4% of those employed are veterans.11 We know that fighting for the environment leads to healthier lives and a better economy, and that is why we need someone in Congress who fights for us, not against us.

Pat will fight for environmental justice by:

  1. Supporting clean energy standards.
  2. Closing the loophole in the Clean Waters Act that allows companies to release unlimited levels of PFAS into water.
  3. Supporting funding for the EPA to prevent understaffing.
  4. Investing in the clean energy economy.
  5. Supporting sustainable infrastructure and conservation projects.
  6. Supporting workers rights and investing in apprenticeship programs and skill training, so that there are family-wage union jobs in the clean energy sector.
  7. Directing climate investments into disadvantaged communities to confront the environmental harms that hit front-line communities.
  8. Holding fossil fuel companies accountable.
  9. Supporting rural economies while adapting to climate change by aiding agricultural conservation programs, clean electrification, and expanding broadband access.
  10. Supporting funding for research into the health consequences of coal ash exposure.
  11. Increase funding for the EPA’s Office of Civil Rights.
Aging with Independence

For too many older Americans, the price of long term care is enormous. Our aging population lacks options to make decisions in their interests because of crippling costs, and it is incumbent upon the federal government to help alleviate these burdens.

Currently, Medicaid is the largest provider of long term care services for our elderly,12 as Medicare does not cover many of these services. However, services are inaccessible or not meeting the needs of the community they intend to assist. An AARP study found that 89% of people 50 and older preferred to “remain in their homes for as long as possible,13” but, just a quarter of Medicaid long-term care spending is going to home-based services.14

To qualify for Medicaid services, an individual cannot own more than $2,000 in assets15 or make more than $9,396 a year.16 This eligibility standard leaves many older folks without affordable options, as they cannot qualify for Medicaid, but they cannot pay for the expense of long term care. To alleviate this burden, Pat supports raising the asset threshold so that more folks can receive high quality, long term care.

Additionally, Pat wants to make sure our elderly and their families have the resources to age comfortably at home. She will support the bipartisan EMPOWER for Health Act, which assists and improves the quality of care given by family caregivers.17

Our family caregivers provide roughly $470 billion in unpaid care for our aging populations.18 These caregivers sacrifice their incomes and time to assist their loved ones, and it is incumbent on us to support this critical aid. She will stand behind the bipartisan Credit for Caring Act, which would provide a tax credit of up to $3,000 for family caregivers. This assistance would support those who give so much to help their families. We must pass legislation to give our family caregivers the tools they need to support our elderly community and allow them to age with dignity.

Expanding Opportunities in Education

Growing up, Pat knew she wanted to be a lawyer, and she knew that she had to earn an education to pursue her dream. She learned the value of knowledge from her parents; they reminded her that “an education could not be taken away from you.” Pursuing her education was her ticket to opportunity and the middle class, but Pat recognizes that there are many paths to achieve the American dream. Pat understands the importance of making college affordable for all and she will work to make sure everyone, regardless of if they attend college or not, has economic opportunity by expanding access to trade programs and apprenticeships.

Public education is the most important investment we make in our communities, and we must make sure everyone has access to high quality and affordable education. Learning begins before a child enters kindergarten, so we need to ensure that every family can access high quality and affordable early education and childcare. We should increase federal aid to K-12 schools and invest in school facilities, so every student has an equal opportunity to succeed, regardless of where they grow up.

High-Quality Early Education and Childcare

 Education begins before the age of 5, but too many parents cannot afford the high costs of childcare and preschool. The benefits of early education and childcare are enormous. Children who attend high-quality preschool programs are more likely to graduate from high school, are less likely to be arrested, and less likely to struggle with substance abuse than their peers who did not attend preschool.19 Unfortunately, only 18% of low-income families are enrolled in high-quality pre-K.20

Pat will address this gap by fighting for:

  1. Support for low-income families so they can seek childcare, by providing training and development to teachers and staff to increase opportunities and support child development, and develop long term strategies to address inequities in childcare.21
  2. Funding for Head Start and Early Head Start programs, which are vital to low-income families in North Carolina.

K-12 Education

Our commitment to education must continue through elementary, middle, and high school. I will work to give students fair and equitable educational opportunities. We need to protect our most vulnerable students, which is why Pat will support the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.

Making College Affordable

Our responsibility to students cannot end when they graduate from high school. Today, a college education, or attending a trade school, is the surest ticket to opportunity. However, college costs continue to rise, making college unaffordable for too many students. To combat the high costs and barriers to college education, Pat believes we should:

  1. Boost Pell Grant funding to ensure that lower-income and middle-income students can attend college without crippling debt.
  2. Support enacting a federal-state partnership to make community college free.

Unfortunately, predatory for-profit colleges and universities take advantage of the importance of a college education by targeting vulnerable students, like veterans, and saddling them with massive debt. We must protect our students from predatory institutions and detrimental loans.

Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Our students and teachers are more vulnerable than ever before due to the coronavirus pandemic. Now, more than ever, we must support our educators and students, which is why Pat will fight for school districts to have the support needed to cope with the disruption of COVID-19 on education. Pat will continue to listen to teachers, parents, and students’ voices to make sure we are putting their needs and interests first during these uncertain times.

Justice and Racial Equality

As the first Black woman to serve on the Supreme Court of North Carolina, and as the former Vice-Chair of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Pat anchored her public service in the pursuit of justice and fairness for everyone, regardless of the color of their skin.

Pat believes that if any American values are under attack, it is a threat to all. People of color experience worse health outcomes, unequal educational opportunities, and unjust policing. These inequities are an infringement on the freedoms we hold dear in our country. Racial injustice is the insidious undercurrent of our country’s legacy, and we must work tirelessly to eradicate racism in every aspect of our lives. Pat understands the complexity of racism in public policy, which is why her fight to address racial inequities includes solutions for justice in healthcare, education, and criminal justice.

Justice in Healthcare

Today, Black men and women have higher rates of chronic illness, infection, and injury than their white and non-Black peers, resulting in an average lifespan of six years shorter than white Americans.22 These disparities expand with maternal health outcomes, where Black mothers are dying at 3 to 4 times the rate of white mothers.23 Structural racism accounts for many of these inequalities, and the coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated racial disparities in health care. In North Carolina, Black Americans are 2.2x more likely to die of COVID-19 than white Americans and Indigenous people are 1.8x as likely to die than white Americans.24 These disparities are unacceptable and reflective of structural racism in the healthcare sector.

To bring justice to the healthcare system, Pat will:

  1. Fight to improve Black maternal health outcomes by supporting extended maternal healthcare coverage and support research for the data collection process and quality improvement measures.
  2. Support a Medicaid expansion and a public option so that everyone can access high quality and affordable healthcare.
  3. Support efforts to expand minority healthcare professionals.
  4. Support increasing access to testing for coronavirus, increasing CDC research into the disproportionate effect of coronavirus on racial and ethnic groups, and reopening the Affordable Care Act markets and Medicaid, so no one is without healthcare during the pandemic.

Justice in Schooling

For our communities and schools to work, we must acknowledge and address the racial inequities that persist in our education system. Nationwide, predominantly white school districts receive $23 billion more than mostly non-white districts.25 Inequalities in school funding contribute to the achievement gap between white and Black and Brown students. Estimates suggest this gap resulted in economic losses of $310 billion to $525 billion a year in productivity, or 2 to 4% of our GDP.26 Due to the disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare, these disparities are increasing.

Research indicates that students will lose seven months of education on average during the pandemic, but Black and Brown students may lose ten and nine months, respectively.27 Many Black and Brown students do not have access to the technology or internet connection needed for online learning, putting vulnerable students at higher risk of falling behind.

To combat these inequities and inequalities in K-12 and higher education, Pat will fight to:

  1. Support school funding, with an added emphasis on additional funding for Title I schools during the pandemic. This funding will aid the many rural and lower-income school districts throughout the 8th Congressional district to mitigate the challenges of learning the pandemic.
  2. Follow North Carolina’s lead and support federal plans to make education spending more equal, raise teaching standards, and reduce teacher shortages.
  3. End the “school to prison” pipeline by providing funding for schools to staff trained counselors and social workers.
  4. Increase Pell Grant funding.
  5. Support federal-state partnerships to make community college free.
  6. Support permanent funding for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs).
  7. Block Betsy DeVos’s Title IX regulation, so students who are victims of sexual assault will be protected.
  8. Reinstate Obama-era regulations around for-profit colleges and universities so that predatory institutions cannot financially harm students.

Justice in Prison and Policing

While she served on the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Pat investigated the use of excessive force by police officers. The Commission found that Black and Brown people, members of the LGBTQ+ community, folks with mental health issues, and disabled people were more likely to have excessive force applied by law enforcement. Through their work, the Commission offered recommendations to the federal government to reduce instances of police misconduct, which were later included in the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act. 

Pat is running for Congress to make sure well-researched and expert guidance is headed by those in charge of making decisions. She knows that we have much work to do to address inequality, but she is prepared to tackle these challenges. To do this, Pat will support:

  1. The  John Lewis Voting Rights Act to reinstate the full extent of voter protections.
  2. Legislation that restores the voting rights of formerly incarcerated people.
  3. Legislation that increases federal funding to states who demonstrate commitment to criminal justice reform.
  4. The “Ban the Box” initiative to ensure formerly incarcerated people can seek employment, which reduces recidivism rates.
  5. The George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, which aligns with much of the guidance from the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Report. This bill will:
    1. Limit qualified immunity in private suits against law enforcement officers.
    2. Allow the Department of Justice to issue subpoenas in investigations of patterns of discrimination within police departments.
    3. Create a national police misconduct registry with data on complaints and records of police misconduct.
    4. Create a framework to end racial profiling.
    5. Establish requirements for police departments, including implicit bias and racial profiling training, mandatory body cameras, and reporting of all incidents involving use-of-force.

Notes:

  1.  “The U.S. spends more on healthcare than any other country — but not with better health outcomes” Los Angeles Times, July 18, 2017.
  2.  “Medicaid by the numbers, 2019” North Carolina Health News, July 6, 2019. 
  3. “Most of the profit in the health-care industry is going to drug companies — here’s why you should care” MarketWatch, May 13, 2019. 
  4. Leo Shane III, “As Staff Vacancies at VA Rise, Lawmaker Wants Answers Why,” Military Times, December 19, 2019.
  5. “COVID-19 National Summary – VA Access to Care,” accessed July 16, 2020.
  6.  “Out Of Reach,” National Low Income Housing Coalition, accessed July 16, 2020.
  7. “Average Base Salaries for Full-Time Teachers in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools, by Highest Degree Earned and Locale: 2011–12,” accessed August 12, 2020.
  8. “E-Rate: Universal Service Program for Schools and Libraries,” Federal Communications Commission, May 24, 2011.
  9. CATF_Pub_FumesAcrossTheFenceLine.Pdf,” accessed August 12, 2020
  10. “Clean Jobs North Carolina 2019 – 110,913 Clean Energy Workers Across NC,” E2 (blog), accessed August 12, 2020.
  11. “Clean Jobs North Carolina 2019 – 110,913 Clean Energy Workers Across NC.”
  12. “Government Watch, Long-Term Care, Legislation-,” AARP, accessed August 12, 2020.
  13. “Government Watch, Long-Term Care, Legislation-.”
  14. “Government Watch, Long-Term Care, Legislation-.”
  15. Enid Kassner Institute AARP Public Policy, “Medicaid and Long-Term Services and Supports for Older People,” AARP, accessed August 12, 2020.
  16. “SSI Federal Payment Amounts,” accessed August 12, 2020.
  17. Janice D. Schakowsky, “Text – H.R.2781 – 116th Congress (2019-2020): Educating Medical Professionals and Optimizing Workforce Efficiency and Readiness for Health Act of 2019,” webpage, October 29, 2019, 2019/2020.
  18. Dena Bunis, “Credit for Caring Act Offers Financial Help for Caregivers,” AARP, accessed August 10, 2020.
  19. “Small Investment in Children’s Education Yields Big Results,” https://www.nichd.nih.gov/, accessed July 13, 2020.
  20. Jana Martella, “Access to High Quality Early Care and Education: Readiness and Opportunity Gaps in America,” 2014, 30.
  21. “The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding,” accessed July 13, 2020.
  22.  “How Structural Racism Affects Healthcare,” January 14, 2020.
  23. “Racial and Ethnic Disparities Continue in Pregnancy-Related Deaths | CDC Online Newsroom | CDC,” September 6, 2019.
  24. “COVID-19 Deaths Analyzed by Race and Ethnicity,” APM Research Lab, accessed July 16, 2020.
  25. “EdBuild | 23 Billion,” accessed August 12, 2020.
  26. “Achievement Gap and Coronavirus | McKinsey,” accessed July 15, 2020.
  27. “Achievement Gap and Coronavirus | McKinsey.”